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1 Ples on Mon Jun 28, 2010 10:53 am


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation).
"dancer" redirects here. For other uses, see dancer (disambiguation).
"dancing" redirects here. For other uses, see dancing (disambiguation).

DanceOriginating cultureOriginating era

Modern dance
Performing artsMajor formsMinor formsGenres
Dance · Music · Opera · Theatre · Circus

Magic · Puppetry

Drama · Tragedy · Comedy · Tragicomedy · Romance · Satire · Epic · Lyric

Dance is an art form that generally refers to movement of the body, usually rhythmic and to music,[1] used as a form of expression, social interaction or presented in a spiritual or performance setting.
Dance may also be regarded as a form of nonverbal communication between humans, and is also performed by other animals (bee dance, patterns of behaviour such as a mating dance). Gymnastics, figure skating and synchronized swimming are sports that incorporate dance, while martial arts kata are often compared to dances. Motion in ordinarily inanimate objects may also be described as dances (the leaves danced in the wind).
Definitions of what constitutes dance are dependent on social, cultural, aesthetic, artistic and moral constraints and range from functional movement (such as folk dance) to virtuoso techniques such as ballet. Dance can be participatory, social or performed for an audience. It can also be ceremonial, competitive or erotic. Dance movements may be without significance in themselves, such as in ballet or European folk dance, or have a gestural vocabulary/symbolic system as in many Asian dances. Dance can embody or express ideas, emotions or tell a story.
Dancing has evolved many styles. Breakdancing and Krumping are related to the hip hop culture. African dance is interpretive. Ballet, Ballroom, Waltz, and Tango are classical styles of dance while Square and the Electric Slide are forms of step dances.
Every dance, no matter what style, has something in common. It not
only involves flexibility and body movement, but also physics. If the
proper physics is not taken into consideration, injuries may occur.
Choreography is the art of creating dances. The person who creates (i.e., choreographs) a dance is known as the choreographer.



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Origins and history of dance

Main article: History of dance

Eighteenth century social dance. Translated caption: A cheerful dance awakens love and feeds hope with lively joy, (Florence, 1790).

Dance does not leave behind clearly identifiable physical artifacts such as stone tools, hunting implements or cave paintings. It is not possible to say when dance became part of human culture. Dance has certainly been an important part of ceremony, rituals, celebrations and entertainment since before the birth of the earliest human civilizations. Archeology delivers traces of dance from prehistoric times such as the 9,000 year old Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka paintings in India and Egyptian tomb paintings depicting dancing figures from circa 3300 BC.
One of the earliest structured uses of dances may have been in the
performance and in the telling of myths. It was also sometimes used to
show feelings for one of the opposite gender. It is also linked to the
origin of "love making." Before the production of written languages,
dance was one of the methods of passing these stories down from
generation to generation.[2]
Another early use of dance may have been as a precursor to ecstatic trance states in healing rituals. Dance is still used for this purpose by many cultures from the Brazilian rainforest to the Kalahari Desert.[3]
Sri Lankan dances goes back to the mythological times of aboriginal yingyang twins and "yakkas" (devils). According to a Sinhalese legend, Kandyan dances
originate, 250 years ago, from a magic ritual that broke the spell on a
bewitched king. Many contemporary dance forms can be traced back to historical, traditional, ceremonial, and ethnic dance.
Dance classification and genres


Partner dance.

Main articles: List of basic dance topics and List of dances

Dance categories by number of interacting dancers are mainly solo dance, partner dance and group dance. Dance is performed for various purposes like ceremonial dance, erotic dance, performance dance, social dance etc.
Dancing and music

See also: Category:Music genres

Many early forms of music and dance were created and performed
together. This paired development has continued through the ages with
dance/music forms such as: jig, waltz, tango, disco, salsa, electronica and hip-hop. Some musical genres also have a parallel dance form such as baroque music and baroque dance whereas others developed separately: classical music and classical ballet.
Although dance is often accompanied by music, it can also be presented independently or provide its own accompaniment (tap dance). Dance presented with music may or may not be performed in time to the music depending on the style of dance. Dance performed without music is said to be danced to its own rhythm.
Ballroom dancing is an art although it may incorporates many fitness components using an artistic state of mind.
Dance studies and techniques

See also: Dance theory, Choreography, and Dance moves

Saman Dance from Gayo people of Sumatra, Indonesia

In the early 1920s, dance studies (dance practice, critical theory, Musical analysis and history) began to be considered an academic discipline. Today these studies are an integral part of many universities' arts and humanities programs. By the late 20th century the recognition of practical knowledge as equal to academic knowledge lead to the emergence of practice research and practice as research. A large range of dance courses are available including:

Academic degrees are available from BA (Hons) to PhD and other postdoctoral fellowships, with some dance scholars taking up their studies as mature students after a professional dance career.
Dance competitions

An amateur dancesport competition at MIT.

A dance competition is an organized event in which
contestants perform dances before a judge or judges for awards and, in
some cases, monetary prizes. There are several major types of dance
competitions, distinguished primarily by the style or styles of dances
performed. Major types of dance competitions include:

Today, there are various dances and dance show competitions on Television and the Internet.
Dance occupations

There are different careers connected with dancing: Dancer, dance teacher, dance sport coach, dance therapist and choreographer.
Dance training differs depending on the dance form. There are
university programs and schools associated with professional dance
companies for specialised training in classical dance (e.g. Ballet) and
modern dance. There are also smaller, privately owned dance studios
where students may train in a variety of dance forms including
competitive dance forms (e.g. Latin dance, ballroom dance, etc.) as
well as ethnic/traditional dance forms.

Professional dancers at the Tropicana Club, Havana, Cuba, in 2008

Professional dancers are usually employed on contract or for
particular performances/productions. The professional life of a dancer
is generally one of constantly changing work situations, strong
competition pressure and low pay. Professional dancers often need to
supplement their income, either in dance related roles (e.g., dance
teaching, dance sport coaches, yoga) or Pilates instruction to achieve financial stability.
In the U.S. many professional dancers are members of unions such as the American Guild of Musical Artists, the Screen Actors Guild and Actors' Equity Association. The unions help determine working conditions and minimum salaries for their members.See also: Health risks of professional dance

Dance teachers
Dance teacher and operators of dance schools
rely on reputation and marketing. For dance forms without an
association structure such as Salsa or Tango Argentino they may not
have formal training. Most dance teachers are self employed.
Dancesport coaches
Dancesport coaches are tournament dancers or former dancesports people, and may be recognised by a dance sport federation.
Choreographers are generally university trained and are typically
employed for particular projects or, more rarely may work on contract
as the resident choreographer for a specific dance company. A
choreographic work is protected intellectual property. Dancers may
undertake their own choreography.
Dance by ethnicity or region

Main article: List of ethnic, regional, and folk dances sorted by origin

Dance in South Asia


Main article: Dance in India

South indian folk Dance like a horse known as Poi Kal Kudirai

During the first millennium BCE in India, many texts were composed which attempted to codify aspects of daily life. In the matter of dance, Bharata Muni's Natyashastra (literally "the text of dramaturgy") is the one of the earlier texts. Though the main theme of Natyashastra
deals with drama, dance is also widely featured, and indeed the two
concepts have ever since been linked in Indian culture. The text
elaborates various hand-gestures or mudras and classifies movements of the various limbs of the body, gait, and so on. The Natyashastra
categorised dance into four groups and into four regional varieties,
naming the groups: secular, ritual, abstract, and, interpretive.
However, concepts of regional geography has altered and so have
regional varieties of Indian dances. Dances like "Odra Magadhi", which after decades long debate, has been traced to present day Mithila-Orissa region's dance form of Odissi, indicate influence of dances in cultural interactions between different regions.[4]
From these beginnings rose the various classical styles which are recognised today. Therefore, all Indian classical dances are to varying degrees rooted in the Natyashastra
and therefore share common features: for example, the mudras, some body
positions, and the inclusion of dramatic or expressive acting or abhinaya.
The Indian classical music tradition provides the accompaniment for the
dance, and as percussion is such an integral part of the tradition, the
dancers of nearly all the styles wear bells around their ankles to
counterpoint and complement the percussion.
Bhangra in the Punjab

Main article: Bhangra

The Punjab area overlapping India and Pakistan is the place of origin of Bhangra.
It is widely known both as a style of music and a dance. It is mostly
related to ancient harvest celebrations, love, patriotism or social
issues. Its music is coordinated by a musical instrument called the
'Dhol'. Bhangra is not just music but a dance, a celebration of the
harvest where people beat the dhol (drum), sing Boliyaan (lyrics) and
dance.It developed further with the Vaisakhi festival of the Sikhs.

Morris dancing in the grounds of Wells Cathedral, Wells, England

Dances of Sri Lanka

Main article: Dances of Sri Lanka

The devil dances of Sri Lanka
or "yakun natima" are a carefully crafted ritual with a history
reaching far back into Sri Lanka's pre-Buddhist past. It combines
ancient "Ayurvedic"
concepts of disease causation with psychological manipulation. The
dance combines many aspects including Sinhalese cosmology, the dances
also has an impact on the classical dances of Sri Lanka.[5]
In Europe and North America

Concert (or performance) dance

Main article: Concert dance


Harlequin and Columbine from the mime theater at Tivoli , Denmark.

Main article: Ballet

developed first in Italy and then in France from lavish court
spectacles that combined music, drama, poetry, song, costumes and
dance. Members of the court nobility took part as performers. During
the reign of Louis XIV,
himself a dancer, dance became more codified. Professional dancers
began to take the place of court amateurs, and ballet masters were
licensed by the French government. The first ballet dance academy was
the Académie Royale de Danse (Royal Dance Academy), opened in Paris in
1661. Shortly thereafter, the first institutionalized ballet troupe,
associated with the Academy, was formed; this troupe began as an
all-male ensemble but by 1681 opened to include women as well.[2]
20th century concert dance

Main article: 20th century concert dance

At the beginning of the 20th century, there was an explosion of
innovation in dance style characterized by an exploration of freer
technique. Early pioneers of what became known as modern dance include Loie Fuller, Isadora Duncan, Mary Wigman and Ruth St. Denis. The relationship of music to dance serves as the basis for Eurhythmics, devised by Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, which was influential to the development of Modern dance and modern ballet through artists such as Marie Rambert. Eurythmy, developed by Rudolf Steiner and Marie Steiner-von Sivers,
combines formal elements reminiscent of traditional dance with the new
freer style, and introduced a complex new vocabulary to dance. In the
1920s, important founders of the new style such as Martha Graham and Doris Humphrey began their work. Since this time, a wide variety of dance styles have been developed; see Modern dance.
The influence of African American dance

Main article: African American dance

African American dances
are those dances which have developed within African American
communities in everyday spaces, rather than in dance studios, schools
or companies and its derivatives, tap dance, disco, jazz dance, swing dance, hip hop dance and breakdance. Other dances, such as the lindy hop with its relationship to rock and roll music and rock and roll dance have also had a global influence.
See also

Dance portal

Main articles: Outline of dance and Index of dance articles

Dancers in a city square

Russian dancer in Alanya


Related topics

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2 Re: Ples on Mon Mar 07, 2011 11:49 pm


Art Disaster
Art Disaster
Jednom riječju: Obožavam


"Jedini sam čovjek na Zemlji, a možda nema ni Zemlje ni čovjeka.
Možda me neko božanstvo vara.
Možda me neko božanstvo osudilo na vrijeme, tu dugu iluziju.
Ja sanjam Mjesec, a sanjam i svoje oči koje ga primjećuju.
Sanjao sam veče i jutro prvog dana.
Sanjao sam Kartaginu i legije koje su Kartaginu opustošile.
Sanjao sam Lukana.
Sanjao sam brijeg Golgotu i krstove Rima.
Sanjao sam geometriju.
Sanjao sam tačku, pravu, ravan i zapreminu.
Sanjao sam žuto, crveno i plavo.
Sanjao sam mape svijeta i kraljevstva i crninu kad izlazi Sunce.
Sanjao sam nepojaman bol.
Sanjao sam sumnju i neizvjesnost.
Sanjao sam jučerašnji dan.
Ali ja možda juče nisam ni imao, možda se nisam ni rodio.
Ja, ko zna, sanjam da sam sanjao." ~ Horhe Luis Borhes

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3 Re: Ples on Thu Apr 21, 2011 10:36 am


Beauty is in Yourself
Beauty is in Yourself
takode Laughing

trenirala sam 8 godina Latino-Americke plesove i to je zaista umjetnost ^^

iako, balet mi je uvijek bio lijep, ali kdo nas ga nazalost nema -.-'
msm, ima, ali niej to to Smile

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4 Re: Ples on Thu Apr 21, 2011 11:07 pm


Beauty is in Yourself
Beauty is in Yourself
Disko<3 obožavam samo u društvu frendova ^^

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5 Re: Ples on Fri Apr 22, 2011 4:20 am

Pa... Msl da svi obožavaju plesati. Ja inače obožavam trbušni ples, ali su mi svi ekstra. JEdno vrijeme sam se išla u školu plesa, ali to bijaše davno xD


- The ritual will happend tonight. Be a good little vampire and don't screw up.
-You'll gonna screwed up, aren't you???

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6 Re: Ples on Sun Apr 24, 2011 7:05 am

Mali metalac

Poet's Heart
Poet's Heart
ja ples najbolje reći mrzim....zgadio mi se u školi kad smo plesali za ocjenu...

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7 Re: Ples on Thu May 12, 2011 8:54 pm


Chosen Soul
Chosen Soul
Ja obožavam plesati, čak se bavim jednom vrstom plesa već 8god Smile

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8 Re: Ples on Sat May 14, 2011 9:28 am

Smile :)

Beauty is in Yourself
Beauty is in Yourself
No,gledati,plesati iskreno probala sam mnogo,ali nije to ta car koliko gledati

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9 Re: Ples on Sun May 15, 2011 4:58 am

*Kill or be Killed*

Beauty is in Yourself
Beauty is in Yourself
Obožavam plesati.
Najbolje se onako razbacat u disku s frendovima na neku zakon techno glazbu.
Ples koji najviše obožavam je Hip Hop ♥

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10 Re: Ples on Sun May 15, 2011 5:54 am


Art Disaster
Art Disaster
Šta plešeš??

Meni je uvijek bilo ljepše plesati sama nego gledati kako neko igra..Naravno, kada gledam profesionalce, divim se al to me podstakne da igram bolje (mislim na latino američke i standardne)

Jel treniraš Hip-hop?
Ja sam trenirala jedno godinu dana xD


"Jedini sam čovjek na Zemlji, a možda nema ni Zemlje ni čovjeka.
Možda me neko božanstvo vara.
Možda me neko božanstvo osudilo na vrijeme, tu dugu iluziju.
Ja sanjam Mjesec, a sanjam i svoje oči koje ga primjećuju.
Sanjao sam veče i jutro prvog dana.
Sanjao sam Kartaginu i legije koje su Kartaginu opustošile.
Sanjao sam Lukana.
Sanjao sam brijeg Golgotu i krstove Rima.
Sanjao sam geometriju.
Sanjao sam tačku, pravu, ravan i zapreminu.
Sanjao sam žuto, crveno i plavo.
Sanjao sam mape svijeta i kraljevstva i crninu kad izlazi Sunce.
Sanjao sam nepojaman bol.
Sanjao sam sumnju i neizvjesnost.
Sanjao sam jučerašnji dan.
Ali ja možda juče nisam ni imao, možda se nisam ni rodio.
Ja, ko zna, sanjam da sam sanjao." ~ Horhe Luis Borhes

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